A Bibliography in Queer African Studies 

Primary Sources

Novels and Autobiographies

Aidoo, Ama Ata. Our Sister Killjoy. London: Longman, 1977. 

Ba, Mariama. 1981. Un Chant Ecarlate (Scarlet Song).

Bugul, Ken. Le Baobad fou. Paris: Présence Africaine, 1982. English translation, The Abandoned Baobab: The Autobiography of a Senegalese Woman, 1991. 159 pages.

Christiansë, Yvette. Unconfessed. New York: Other Press, 2006. 

Dibia, Jude. Walking with Shadows: A Novel. BlackSands, 2005.   

Gälawdewos. [1672] 2015. The Life and Struggles of Our Mother Walatta Petros: A Translation of a Seventeenth-Century African Biography of an African Woman. Trans. Belcher, Wendy Laura and Michael Kleiner. Eds. Belcher, Wendy Laura and Michael Kleiner. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 525 pages in total, but only about 100 pages of reading for the translation itself. 

Head, Bessie. 1974. A Question of Power. 

Laye, Camara. 1966. Dramouss (A Dream of Africa). 

Maddy, Yulissa Amadu. 1973. No Past, No Present, No Future.

Ntshingila, Futhi. Shameless. Scottsville: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, 2008. 

Okparanta, Chinelo. Under the Udala Trees: A Novel. Houghton Mifflin, 2015.

Ouologuem, Yambo. 1968. Le Devoir de violence (Bound to Violence).

Soyinka, Wole. 1965. The Interpreters. 

Feature Films and Documentaries

Ramaka, Joseph Gaï. Karmen Gei. Dir. Joseph Gaï Ramaka. Perf. Djeïnaba Diop Gaï and Magaye Niang. 2001.

Shorts and Music Videos

Interviews with Authors

Diabate, Naminata. “From Women Loving Women in Africa to Genet and Race: A Conversation with Frieda Ekotto.” (JALA) Journal of the African Literature Association 4:1. (2010):181-203.

Secondary Sources 

Books in Literary Studies

Hayes, Jarrod. Queer Roots for the Diaspora: Ghosts in the Family Tree, 2016.

Zabus, Chantal. Out in Africa: Same-sex Desire in Sub-Saharan Literatures & Cultures. Woodbridge: James Currey, 2013.

Articles in Literary Studies

Desai, Gaurav. 1997. “Out in Africa,” Genders 25: 120-43.

Dunton, Chris. 1989. “’Wheytin Be Dat?’ The Treatment of Homosexuality in African Literature” Research in African Literatures 20, 3 (Autumn): 422-45. Includes a bibliography of 32 works.

Hayes, Jarrod. 2012. “Africa: South of the Sahara,” in Routledge International Encyclopedia of Queer Culture, ed David A. Gerstner. Routledge.

Vignal, D. 1983. “L’homophilie dans le roman negro-africain d’expression anglaise et francaise (Homophilia in Black African Novels in English and French). Peuples noirs/peoples africains 33: 63-81. Includes a bibliography of 23 works.

Articles in Film and Media Criticism

Books in History/Anthropology/Activism/Social Science

Abbas, Hakima, and Sokari Ekine. Queer African Reader. Pambazuka, 2013.

Abdelfattah, Kilito. Thou Shalt Not Speak My Language. New York: Syracuse University Press, 2008. Print.

Amadiume, Ifi. Male Daughters, Female Husbands: Gender and Sex in an African Society. London & New Jersey: Zed Books, 1987. 

Epprecht, Marc. Heterosexual Africa? The History of an Idea from the Age of Exploration to the Age of AIDS. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2008. 

Epprecht, Marc. Sexuality and Social Justice in Africa: Rethinking Homophobia and Forging Resistance. New York: Zed Books, 2013. Print.

Hoad, Neville. African Intimacies: Race, Homosexuality, and Globalization. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2007. 

Gueboguo, Charles. La question homosexuelle en Afrique: le cas du Cameroun. Paris: L'Harmattan, 2006 

Larmarange, Joseph, Annabel Desgrées du Loû, Catherine Enel, Abdoulaye Wade, and Krystyna Horko. “Homosexuality and Bisexuality in Senegal: A Multiform Reality.” Population, Health & Sexuality 6 (2003) : 499-512. Print.

Morgan, Ruth and Saskia Wieringa. Tommy boys, lesbian men and ancestral wives: female same-sex practices in Africa. Johannesburg: Jacana Media, 2005. 

Munro, Brenna M. South Africa and the Dream of Love to Come: Queer Sexuality and the Struggle for Freedom. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2012. 

Murray, Stephen O. and Will Roscoe. Boy-Wives and Female Husbands: Studies of African Homosexualities. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998. 

Van Klinken, Adriaan. Kenyan, Christian, Queer: Religion, LGBT Activism, and Arts of Resistance in Africa. Penn State Press, 2019.

Articles in History/Anthropology/Activism/Social Science

Auchmuty, Rosemary. “By Their Friends We Shall Know Them: The lives and networks of some women in North Lambeth 1880-1940.” Lesbian History Group. 77-98. 

Awondo, Patrick, Geschiere, Peter & Reid, Graeme. “Homophobic Africa?: Toward a More Nuanced View.” African Studies Reviews 55/3 (2012): 145-168. Print.

Blackwood, Evelyn.  “Breaking the Mirror: the Construction of Lesbianism and the Anthropological Discourse on Homosexuality.” Journal of Homosexuality 11.3/4 (1986): 1-17. [But is this about Africa?]

Blackwood, Evelyn. “Culture and Women’s Sexualities.” Journal of Social Issues 56, 2 (2000): 223–238. 

Blackwood, Evelyn. “The Women’s Same-sex Forum and African Women’s Life History Project of Sex and Secrecy: The 4th conference of the International Association for the Study of Sexuality, Culture, and Society.” Sexuality Research and Social Policy 1.1 (2004): 104-107. 

Carrier, Joseph M. and Stephen O. Murray. "Woman-Woman Marriage in Africa." Murray and Roscoe 255-266. 

Coly, Ayo. “Homophobic Africa? Introduction.” African Studies Review 56. 2 (2013): 21-30

Dankwa, Serena Owusua. "“It's a Silent Trade”: Female Same-Sex Intimacies in Post-Colonial Ghana." NORA—Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research 17.3 (2009): 192-205. Print.

Gay, Judith. 1985. "'Mummies and Babies' and Friends and Lovers in Lesotho." Journal of Homosexuality 11.3-4 (1985): 97-116. 

Gueboguo, Charles.  “Mobilisations transnationales des communautes homosexuelles en Afrique: Une affaire a suivre.” Anthropologie et societe 32 (2008): 86-94. 

Gueboguo, Charles.  “Penser les 'droits' des homosexuel/les en Afrique: du sens et de la puissance de Taction associative militante au Cameroun.” Canadian Journal of African Studies 43.1 (2009): 129-50.

Hoad, Neville.. “Between the White Man’s Burden and the White Man’s Disease: Tracking Lesbian and Gay Human Rights in Southern Africa.” GLQ 5.4 (1994): 559-84.

Jeffreys, Sheila. “Does It Matter If They Did It?” Lesbian History Group 19-28. [not Africa]

Kendall. "'When a Woman Loves a Woman' in Lesotho: Love, Sex, and the (Western) Construction of Homophobia." Murray and Roscoe 223-241. 

M’Baye, Babacar. “The Origins of Senegalese Homophobia Discourses on Homosexuals and Transgender People in Colonial and Postcolonial Senegal.” African Study Review 56/2 (2013): 103-128. Print.

Murray, Stephen O. "Sexual Politics in Contemporary Southern Africa." Murray and Roscoe 243-254. 

Mustafa, Hudita Nura. “Eros, Beauty and Crisis: Notes from Senegal.” Feminist Africa 6 (2006): 20–32. 

Niang I, P Tapsoba, Weiss E, et al. “It‟s Raining Stones”: Stigma, Violence and HIV Vulnerability Among Men who have Sex with Men in Dakar, Senegal.” Culture, 2003.

Niang, Y « Aspects socio-comportementaux de l’ « homosexualité masculine à Dakar». Dakar, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Thèse de doctorat en médecine, 2000. Print.

Spurlin, William J. "Resisting heteronormativity/resisting recolonisation: affective bonds between indigenous women in southern Africa and the difference(s) of postcolonial feminist history." Feminist Review 95 (2010): 10-26. 

Stobie, Cheryl. “Variant Sexualities in Africa and South Africa.” Somewhere in the Double Rainbow: Representations of Bisexuality in Post-Apartheid Novels. Scottsville: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, 2007. 49-68. 

Wekker, Gloria. “Mati-ism and Black Lesbians: Two Idealtypical Expressions of Female Homosexuality in Black Communities of the Diaspora.” Journal of Homosexuality 24.3–4 (1993): 145–158. Print.

Wilfong, Terry G. "Friendship and Physical Desire: The Discourse of Female Homoeroticism in Fifth-Century CE Egypt " Among Women: From the Homosocial to the Homoerotic in the Ancient World. Eds. Rabinowitz, Nancy Sorkin and Lisa Auanger Auanger. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2002. 304-. Important source re early African sexualities.

Anti-Gay African Newspaper Articles, Blogs, and Online Sources

Mammo, Haile G. "The Truth About Homosexuality in Our City." Kumneger 28 January 2009: 1-5 & 28-32. Print

Government Documents

IRB (Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada). “Senegal: The Situation of Sexual Minorities in Senegal, Including Societal Attitudes and Whether There is a Difference in the Treatment of Lesbians and Gay Men; State Protection.” ecoi.net 2013. Web. <http://www.ecoi.net/local_link/259327/371899_en.html>. Accessed 9 Jul. 2014.